Tangkuban Perahu (pronounce: Tangkuban Parahu in local Sundanese dialect) volcano is located 30 km in the north of Bandung, the capital of West Java province, Indonesia. This last eruption was in 1959. The popular attraction of this mountain is hiking or riding to the edge of the crater, viewing hot water springs and the boiling mud up closely. Buying eggs that cooked on its hot surface is an alternative.
Tangkuban Perahu name has its ancient history. Tangkuban is the word of sundanese which means flipped over and Perahu means ship in English. In the whole term, Tangkuban Perahu means as mountain that has a shape like a flipped over-ship. This mountain shape can be seen from far away.
The location of Tangkuban Perahu is in Lembang, north side of Bandung. Surrounding with fresh air, using jacket during the journey is a must, especially when you arrive on the peak already. It will relieve your mood, by seeing the green color of the tea plantations along the road. These tea plantation are spread out on the land like a giant carpets.
There’re three caldron in Tangkuban Perahu. First caldron, near the gate is the Domas. In this caldron, you can even boil an eggs. This activity is recommended since it will give you special experience, in compare with your usual cooking activities. The second is the Ratu Caldron. It is the main caldron and it takes a distant from the gate.But this main caldron is the widest among the others three. This caldron is 100-200m below the peak of Tangkuban Perahu. This caldron is different from the Domas one, visitor cannot reach this caldron nearer, they can see it from the peak only. Take a look at the deep of the caldron, the wall of the caldron and the smoke that still expel from this caldron is creating a sensational vie. Wood fence are set up surrounding this cauldron to avoid people from falling down. The land around the caldron is white with yellow sulfur rocks.
On the peak there’s a lot of people selling handycrafts. There are hat, sweater, cloth, wood sculpture, etc. Not only handycrafts, but also some foods. You can buy and taste the special beverage from Bandung, named Bandrek. Bandrek is made from ginger. If we’re drink bandrek, it will give you warm in your body. Using a jacket or sweater is a must on this peak, it’s cold up here.
The third caldron is the Upas. The journey to this caldron is harder to reach, road with a lot of rocks along makes a special adventure on your journey. Your hards effort is worthy when you finally reach the peak. The view here is sensational. This mountain usually will be crowded by Indonesian visitors especially from West Java and Jakarta, in Saturday and Sunday. There’re also some foreigners that come to this mountain usually.
Local legend of the mountain
The name of Tangkuban Perahu translates roughly to "upturning of (a) boat" or "upturned boat" in Sundanese, referring to the local legend of its creation. The story tells of "Dayang Sumbi", a beauty villager who lived in West Java. She cast away her son "Sangkuriang" for disobedience, and in her sadness was granted the power of eternal youth by the Gods. After many years in exile, Sangkuriang decided to return to his home, long after the two had forgotten and failed to recognize each other. Sangkuriang fell in love with Dayang Sumbi and planned to marry her. Fortunately, Dayang Sumbi recognize his birthmark just as he was about to go hunting. In order to prevent the marriage to be happened, Dayang Sumbi asked Sangkuriang to build a dam on the river Citarum and to build a large boat to cross the river, both before the sunrise. Sangkuriang meditated and summoned mythical ogre-like creatures -buta hejo or green giant(s)- to do his bidding. Dayang Sumbi saw that the tasks were almost completed and called on her workers to spread red silk cloths east of the city, to give the impression of impending sunrise. Sangkuriang was fooled, and upon believing that he had failed, kicked the dam and the unfinished boat, resulting in severe flooding and the creation of Tangkuban Perahu from the hull of the boat.
Bandung's Hussein Sastranegara airport is located at the end of Pajajaran Street, 4 km from the centre of the city. Continued by taxi, a metered taxi costs approximately US$2, but most hotels provide a free airport transfer services.
The most convenient way is the air-conditioned bus with the express or non-stop tag. The main bus terminals in Bandung are Leuwipanjang, serving route from the west (Bogor, Jakarta, Merak, Pandeglang, Tangerang, Depok, Bekasi, Cikarang, Cibinong and Sukabumi.) and Cicaheum, serving routes from the east (Cirebon, Garut, Tasikmalaya, Banjar, Pangandaran, Indramayu, central Java cities, eastern Java cities and also from Bali Island).